Performing Arts in the Republic of Moldova: Challenges and Reforms

The facilitator and critic Iulia Popovici deeply analysed the problems and opportunities of the performing arts sector in the Republic of Moldova: theatres, dance companies, opera and philharmonics. The analysis was developed with the assistance of the EU-Eastern Partnership Culture and Creativity Programme. From the ‘Report on the Developing Performing Arts Sector’, we selected expert’s main recommendations on the basic reforms the Moldovan theatres need.

Financing. The financing, organization and management systems of theatre and concert institutions have to be reconsidered.

Currently, the Moldovan system of subsidy and financial support for performing arts is inefficient, therefore an increase in the budget and the budgetary allocations for culture at the level of local authorities would in no way guarantee any automatic positive effect. A deep analysis of the relationship with the audience and a comprehensive approach of the funding are needed. The reform should take into consideration a system of subsidy allocations based on actual needs, a performance rewarding system for artists, and a system of continuous training for them.  

Decentralization. The current centralization of almost all performing arts institutions in Chisinau and under the authority of the Ministry of Culture is inefficient and it constitutes one of the factors for the very low percentage of audience participation. A more feasible model would be a dual-government system, with public institutions under the supervision of and subsidized by both the Ministry and the local authority.

The infrastructure is in poor condition, while the space usage fails to meet the current practices. Besides this, Moldova is laking multifunctional artistic spaces. A long-term program of modernization for the existing performing arts venues and opening of new cultural spaces is needed.

Touring. The expert recommends creating a state-level program making available a financing scheme for touring in rural and urban areas. It should be education- and audience development-oriented.

Education. A national program for cultural education and arts, in partnership with the Ministry of Education and local authorities, is needed. Cultural education should start from an early age. The expert also suggests to form partnerships between kindergartens/schools and youth theatres.

Besides this, it is necessary to overhaul the university-training system according to the labour market demands. The state should start creating more competitive training conditions: partnerships, exchanges, a consistent policy for guest professors.

Social sphere. The report suggests that collaborations with various institutions will allow to use the cross-disciplinary approach of performing arts. Theatre can become a social instrument helping to fight discrimination, domestic violence, human trafficking, etc. Authorities should use the potential of performing arts to tackle social issues.

International cooperation. Support of mobility and participation in EU projects. Moldova should make efforts to consistently promote its culture internationally, take advantage of opportunities available through various European programs, and put together the necessary expertize and financial support in order to gain access to the international scene.

Report (RO)

Report (EN)

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